The anatomical and physiological changes that the eyelid undergoes are closely linked to the environment, genetic inheritance and emotional habits. There are different types of facial wrinkles and folds (Langer’s lines); ones are gravitational lines and facial furrows linked to aging, and others are dynamic lines caused by repeated tension applied to the skin by muscles in charge of facial expression.
- Gravitational Lines: They appear around the age of 40 and accentuate over time due to the effect gravity has on a skin which has lost its tonicity.
- Dynamic Lines: They appear around the age of 20 and are caused by the orbicular muscle’s contraction. They are also known as crow’s feet or laugh lines.
Over time, eyelids’ skin, which is one of the thinnest in the human body, thins and looses tone and elasticity.
Blepharochalasis can affect young people, especially women, as a consequence of atrophy and loosening of the skin and deeper supporting tissues. After the age of 40 dermatochalasis may appear; it consists in the existence of redundant and lax skin on the upper and lower eyelids. There are many factors which facilitate the existence of these processes, including genetic inheritance, repeated infections, allergies and thyroid gland disorders.
Blepharoplasty is a surgical procedure which aims to rejuvenate the area surrounding the eyes to create a refreshed look, eliminating excess eyelid fat or skin. This procedure can be performed on upper and lower eyelids.
The operation is carried out using local anaesthesia. The small incisions which are done heal satisfactorily as the eyelids’ skin is one of the areas of the human body with better healing capacity.