Child care and prevention
The first years of life are fundamental for vision development as vision is constantly developing during this period. Any deficits or abnormalities which are not diagnosed during these years can result in permanent visual defects. This is why pediatric ophthalmology’s role in prevention is so important.
The first ophthalmological checkup is normally carried out at the age of three, and if no abnormalities are found, it has to be annually repeated.
In very exceptional cases the child has to undergo an ophthalmological checkup before the age of three.
- During the first month of life, if the pediatrician suspects any abnormalities such as congenital glaucoma or cataracts.
- At the age of seven months if the pediatrician suspects strabismus or if parents have noticed that the child’s eyes deviate.
- When the child has any of these symptoms:
- Sitting too close to the TV or bringing papers closer in order to see them clearer.
- Frequent headaches or after significant visual efforts.
- Frequent eye redness.
- Different colored pupils.
- Excessive tearing and discharge (indicating lachrymal duct obstruction), which does not disappear in the first few months of life.
- Squinting to focus on distant objects.