Retinal Detachment

Early diagnosis and treatment

What is retinal detachment?

Retinal detachment is a disorder in which vision can be critically affected.

It can occur as a result of multiple different factors which lead to the detachment of the neurosensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium, allowing fluids to accumulate between both layers.

Eye anatomy Retinal detachment

Symptoms

  • Bright flashes of light. They may indicate that the retina is being pulled away from its normal position which can in turn cause more severe damage.
  • Sudden appearance of myodesopsia or floaters. It may indicate the presence of retinal tears which can in turn cause retinal detachment.
  • Curtain-like shadow over any of the four quadrants of your visual field. This is an unequivocal symptom of retinal detachment.

Treatment

Retinal detachment treatment will depend on how severe it is. Laser techniques may be used to seal the tears before the retina detaches on initial stages in which the retina has not yet done so.

In mild cases, pneumatic retinopexy, which is injecting gas into the eye, is used. The gas bubble formed pushes the detached retina back to place so that it can then be sealed with laser procedures.

In severe stages, vitrectomy is used to remove the vitreous humor that is pulling from the retina.


  Other ocular disorders

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