Vision and sport
Sport performance is not only dependant on the sports person’s physical condition; it is also closely linked to all five senses, especially to visual function.
For an optimum sport performance, the following elements are essential:
- Correct binocular vision, as it is indispensable to perceive depth and see in 3 dimensions.
- Peripheral vision, which allows sports people to see everything that surrounds them and evaluate the situation.
- Correct visual acuity, which allows us to see objects more clearly.
It is possible to improve sport performance and sports people’s security by carrying out an ophthalmological checkup to rule out any ocular pathology and set a series of ocular exercises, specific for each sport.
Visual therapies are available in order to improve vision and contrast perception.
It is possible to improve sports people’s comfort and contact lenses tolerance, as many of them experience dry eyes and even vision loss, or their contact lenses slip off the centre of the eye when doing sport. This is partly due to the change in tear composition during exercise. Contact lenses with a specific geometry and made of specific materials adapted to the patients’ needs may be used.
When sports people undergo refractive surgery, it is extremely important to evaluate their visual needs. The patients’ requirements and eye characteristics differ between those who practice sport and those who do not, being the differences much more significant when talking about professional sports people. The ophthalmologist will decide the most suitable type of surgical treatment according to the patient’s eye characteristics and the sport he/she practices. Technology always plays a fundamental role in the treatment.