Vitreous haemorrhage

What is vitreous haemorrhage?

Vitreous haemorrhage refers to bleeding inside the brain, which will make the vitreous (the gel that gives the eyeball its shape) tinged with blood, losing its transparency and with it, reducing the patient’s vision.

Causes of vitreous haemorrhage

Possible causes include:

  • Trauma.
  • Macroaneursyms.
  • Tumours.


The most important thing when it comes to choosing the right treatment plan is to determine the cause of the bleeding. Vitreous haemorrhage can be kept under observation for some time as in some cases, it is spontaneously reabsorbed with no need for treatment. This will not be the case, for example, when there is a retinal tear as this could lead to a retinal detachment.


If some time has passed and it has not been reabsorbed or it is causing complications, a surgical solution will be performed to clean the vitreous, a vitrectomy. It is also important to stress that when there are neovessels at the back of the eye, for example, secondary to diabetes or to retinal vein occlusions, these will need to be treated to prevent more bleeding through the use of intravitreal injections orlaser photocoagulation.


At CLÍNICA RAHHAL, we have state-of-the-art technological equipment which, combined with our teamwork, ensures the best results.

find out more about us

“I would 100% recommend this clinic for the incredible, wonderful service and the best professionals. The facilities are amazing, very clean and modern, with the latest technologies. They gave me a thorough check-up. I’m really pleased!”

Inmaculada Peinado. 

“Very good service and very professional. I felt well attended to at all times and I am very happy with the surgical intervention”.

Luis Peiró. 

“The clinic is amazing. Nothing like other places I’ve been to. The personalised service and trust they convey is priceless. I’d particularly like to highlight the work of Dr Rahhal and Dr Alonso and their staff”.

Marian Carbonell. 



At CLÍNICA RAHHAL, we don’t want you to have to break the bank to be able to see; we want to ensure our patients can afford our treatments.

Book your appointment


Select one of the following frequently-asked questions from our patients to show the answer. If you cannot find the answer to your question, please contact us using the form below.

Is it normal to see very little following a vitreous haemorrhage?

Yes. The amount of vision will depend on the volume of bleeding and therefore how dense the vitreous is (the gel that gives the eye its shape). This bleeding prevents light from getting to the retina as the vitreous loses its transparency.

Why does it happen?

A vitreous haemorrhage is caused by bleeding in the eye, which can be down to multiple causes, although diabetic retinopathy is one of the main ones.

Is surgery necessary?

Not in every case. Surgery, either urgent or less urgent, may or may not be needed depending on how long it has been developing and the depending on the underlying cause. For example, if the cause is a retinal tear that has led to retinal detachment, surgery must be urgent. In other cases, we can wait until the vitreous haemorrhage resolves itself and only intervene if it does not or if complications occur.

Can complications arise if I don’t have surgery?

The most important thing is to discover what has caused it so as to determine whether or not surgery is urgent. If the underlying cause is a retinal tear and retinal detachment, surgical intervention needs to be performed early on. In cases where the underlying cause does not require urgent surgery, patients can wait and see if the vitreous haemorrhage resolves by itself. If it does not, it is important to intervene surgically as complications may appear, such as glaucoma or an increase in eye pressure.

Initial consultation

Leave your details here and we will get in touch to offer you an appointment with one of our ophthalmologists. We will send you an email confirming receipt along with the details of the appointment requested. We will then call you within a few working hours to confirm the appointment requested.